Browse Documents

74 documents found
  • Title
    Taxonomic review of the superfamily Pyraloidea in Bhutan (Lepidoptera)
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    The result of an investigation of the lepidopteran fauna of Central and Southern Bhutan (Bumthang, Dagana, Trongsa, Tsirang, and Sarpang districts) is presented in this study. The investigation was the part of the Invertebrate Documentation Project of Bhutan initiated by the National Biodiversity Center, Thimphu, funded by the Bhutan Trust Fund for Environmental Conservation, Thimphu. The checklist was based on the systematic collections by light trapping at nine locations and the occasional collections from native forest and gardens within the five districts of Central and Southern Bhutan. The specimens were photographed and collected as specimens for future identification and reference. A list of 182 species belonging to families Crambidae and Pyralidae is presented, including 92 species as new records for the country. All the studied specimens are deposited at “Invertebrate Referral Collection Center” at the National Biodiversity Center, Thimphu.
  • Title
    New record of Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) from Eastern Bhutan
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Cicadas in Bhutan were studied intermittently by Distant in 1912 and Hayashi in 1978, and reported fourteen species. Since then no studies were done on Cicadas of Bhutan. This paper reports five new records, Hueschys sanguinea (de Geer, 1773), Polyneura ducalis Westwood, Tanna thalia (Walker, 1850), Haphsa sulaiyai (Boulard, 2005) and Talainga binghami (Distant, 1890) from Bhutan
    Attribution
    Phurpa Dorji
  • Title
    The Honey Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) of Bhutan with a key to the Apis species
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    This paper gives species account of the five indigenous honey bee species (Apis) and introduced Apis mellifera currently found in Bhutan.
    Attribution
    Tshering Nidup and Phurba Dorji
  • Title
    Study of Paper wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Polistinae) of Bhutan
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    This paper describes Polistinae fauna of Bhutan, whereeight species are new record for Bhutan.
    Attribution
    Phurba Dorji, Wim Klein and Tshering Nidup
  • Title
    Checklist of Butterflies of Bhutan
    Type
    Report
    Description
    Abstract: The review of literature reveals that a complete checklist on the butterfly fauna of Bhutan has never been published. A few studies have been conducted on butterflies of Bhutan, however, a comprehensive list on butterfly fauna is currently not available. The present study aims to provide precise data on the known butterfly fauna of Bhutan. This document presents a checklist based on the review of available literature on the butterflies of Bhutan. It comprises 670 species; Papilionidae (55 species), Pieridae (51 species), Lycaenidae (160 species), Nymphalidae (265 species), and Hesperiidae (139 species). Of these, 182species (Papilionidae (16 species), Pieridae (10 species), Lycaenidae (38 species), Nymphalidae (93 species) and Hesperiidae (25 species) are listed as rare or very rare in Indian literature, which does not mean they are rare in Bhutan. 120 species are protected under different schedules of Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 2002. None of the butterfly species reported from Bhutan are included in the protected schedules of Forest and Nature Conservation Rules, 2006 of Bhutan except Bhutanitis ludlowi Gabriel, 1942 (Ludlow’s Bhutan Glory).Inventory research activities of butterfly fauna through participation of specialists, amateur lepidopterists and relevant authorities in all parts of Bhutan is necessary and advisable.
  • Title
    Orchids of Bhutan: The Genus Phaius
    Type
    Report
    Attribution
    National Biodiversity Centre, Serbithang and College of Natural Resources, Lobesa
  • Title
    BUTTERFLY DIVERSITY OF DZAMLING NORZOED COMMUNITY FOREST, TSIRANG, BHUTAN – A PRILIMINARY STUDY
    Type
    Report
  • Title
    A new range record of Comostola hauensteini Smetacek, 2004 (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Geometrinae) from Bhutan
    Type
    Report
    Description
    Comostola hauensteini was described by Smetacek in 2004 on the basis of a holotype and paratype from Bhimtal, Uttarakhand (the western Himalaya). There seems to be no further record and description of this species. The present record extends the known distribution of C. hauensteini to Tsirang District of Bhutan (the eastern Himalaya).
  • Title
    Field Guide for Swallowtails of Bhutan
    Type
    Report
    Description
    UWICE Nature Guide series (Field Guide for Swallowtails of Bhutan.(2012)
  • Title
    Community Perspectives on the On-Farm Diversity of Six Major Cereals and Climate Change in Bhutan
    Type
    Report
    Description
    Abstract: Subsistence Bhutanese farmers spread across different agro-ecological zones maintain large species and varietal diversity of different crops in their farm. However, no studies have been undertaken yet to assess why farmers conserve and maintain large agro-biodiversity, the extent of agro-ecological richness, species richness, estimated loss of traditional varieties and threats to the loss of on-farm agro-biodiversity. Information on the number of varieties cultivated by the farmers for six important staple crops were collected from nine districts and twenty sub-districts spread across six different agro-ecological zones of the country to understand farmers reasons for maintaining on-farm crop diversity, estimate agro-ecological richness, species richness and the overall loss of traditional varieties, to know the famers’ level of awareness on climate change and the different threats to crop diversity. The results from this study indicated that an overwhelming 93% of the respondents manage and use agro-biodiversity for household food security and livelihood. The average agro-ecological richness ranged from 1.17 to 2.26 while the average species richness ranged from 0.50 to 2.66. The average agro-ecological richness indicates a large agro-ecological heterogeneity in terms of the different species of staple crops cultivated. The average species richness on the other hand shows that agro-ecological heterogeneity determines the type and extent of the cultivation of the six different staple cereals under consideration. The overall loss of traditional varieties in a time period of 20 years stands at 28.57%. On climate change, 94% of the farmers recognize that local climate is changing while 86% responded that they are aware of the potential impacts of climate change on their livelihoods. Climate change and associated factors was considered the most imminent threat to the management and loss of on-farm agro-biodiversity. The results from this study indicate that on-farm agro-biodiversity conservation, development and utilization programs have to be more specific to the different agro-ecological zones considering the agro-ecological heterogeneity. Attention has to be given to individual crops that have low average species richness and high percentage of loss of traditional varieties. The impact of climate change could offset the traditional seed system which primarily supports the persistence of on-farm agro-biodiversity in several ways.
    Attribution
    Katwal et al, 2015: Community Perspectives on the On-Farm Diversity of Six Major Cereals and Climate Change in Bhutan. Agriculture 2015, 5, 2-16; doi:10.3390/agriculture5010002
  • Title
    New bamboo species recorded for Sarpang
    Type
    Miscellaneous
    Description
    New release of the new bamboo speciesNeomicrocalamas andropogonifoliarecorded from Sarpang Dzongkhag
    Attribution
    http://www.moaf.gov.bt/new-bamboo-species-recorded-for-sarpang-neomicrocalamas-andropogonifolia/
  • Title
    Orchids of Bhutan: The Genus Vanda
    Type
    Report
    Description
    The genus Vanda Jones ex R.Br., in Bhutan is currently represented by a handful of what must be considered as “disputed” species where the status of all taxa have been questioned in both past and present by various authors for various reasons. The generic name Vanda was proposed in 1795 by William Jones in Asiatic Researches but it was not linked to a specific epithet. Robert Brown (1820) formally established the genus in the Botanical Register when he described Vanda roxburghii, the plant from East Bengal that Jones originally had in mind (Pearce and Cribb 2002).
    Attribution
    NBC, Serbithang; RBG, Kew; Museum of Natural History, Vienna